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Sea Turtle Facts
From loggerheads to leatherbacks to , many of the species of sea turtles are endangered and threatened by people. Ultimately, the turtles constantly face many dangers, during their lives in the ocean — including possible capture or getting entangled in fishing gear , loss of feeding site from development of the coastal areas and even pollution.
These amazing animals are very comfortable in the sea, but need air to survive. They very in size, from the different species — from smallish at less than 80-100 pounds, to very large, scaling in at more than 1,000 pounds.
Diet and Habitat
Turtles are found in every sea in the world in tropical and subtropical climates. They travel long distances in their journeys through the oceans. Some span the Pacific from Japan and travel to Baja, Mexico before swimming home again. Some turtles can handle cold water ( under 40 ° F) and are found off of Chile and Alaska.
They live their lives in the ocean , except for when they go into to the shore to lay eggs. After 2 months, the baby turtles (“puppies”) leave their the nest and head the ocean. Young turtles spend a couple of years out in the deep ocean, then head to the protection of nearshore waters and bays.
Diet varies depending on species: Leatherbacks love to eat jellyfish and soft-bodied creatures; other types like crabs and molluscs;some types live on sponges and invertebrates; and Kemp ridley devour crabs.
These are ancient animals and have been on this planet for 100 million years — even outlasting the dinosaurs that became extinct70 million years back. They now face some of their greatest threats yet, because of the overpopulation of man on this planet.
Sea turtles will usually drown if tangled in fishing nets. Human development on coasts destroy nesting sites, destroy coral reefs, and city lights distract baby turtles away from deep sea. Pollution fools turtles by looking like jellyfish and is eaten, which will block their intestines. In many countries, they are killed for their meat and shells .